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Full text of "NHTSA NCAP #00375 1981 Jet Industries Electrica 007 (Dodge Omni Electric Conversion)"

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Report Number to be assigned by NHTSA 



FMVSS 212/219/301 
ELECTRIC VEHICLE TESTING - GROUP V 

Jet Industries Inc. 
1981 Electrica 007 



Prepared by: 

DYNAMIC SCIENCE, INC. 
A Talley Industries Company 
1850 West Pinnacle Peak Road 
Phoenix, Arizona 85027 




November 1981 
TEST REPORT 



Document is available to the public through the 
National Technical Information Service 
Springfield, Virginia 22161 



Prepared for: 

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION 
OFFICE OF PASSENGER VEHICLE RESEARCH 
NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION 
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20590 



Prepared for the Department of Transportation, National High- 
way Traffic Safety Administration, under Contract No. DOT-HS- 
9-02274, Delivery Order No. 16. This document is disseminated 
under the sponsorship of the Department of Transportation in 
the interest of information exchange. The United States Gov- 
ernment assumes no liability for the contents or use thereof. 



NOTICE 



The United States Government does not endorse products or manu' 
facturers. Trade or manufacturer's names appear herein solely 
because they are considered essential to the object of this 
report. 



TECHNICAL REPORT STANDARD TITLE PAGE 



1. Report No 



2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No 



4. Title and Subtitle 
FmSS 212, 219, 301 ELECTRIC VEHICLE TESTING 
GROUP V - 1981 ELECTRICA 007 



5. Report Date 
November 1981 



6. Performing Orgn code 



7. Author (s) 



N. Johnson, S. Davis 



. Performing Orgn Rpt No 
3126-81-110/1934 



9. Performing Organization Nane and Address 
Dynamic Science, Inc. 
A Talley Industries Company 
1850 West Pinnacle Peak Road 
Phoenix, Arizona 85027 



10. Work Unit No, 



11. Contract or Grant No. 
DOT-HS-9-02274, D.0,#16 



12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address 
U.S. Department of Transportation 
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 
400 Seventh Street, S.W. 
Washington, D,C. 20590 



13. Type of Report and 
Period Covered 

TEST REPORT 

October 1981 



14. Sponsoring Agency Code 



15. Supplementary Notes 



16. Abstract 



This report presents the results of an electric vehicle to load-measuring 
fixed barrier, head-on crash test- This test was conducted to determine 
if the vehicle would comply with the windshield retention requirements of 
the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 212, the windshield zone 
intrusion requirements of FMVSS 219, and the fuel integrity requirements of 
.FMVSS 301-75. The standard fixed barrier was replaced by the 36-cell load- 
measuring fixed barrier. The electric vehicle, a 1981 Electrica 007, manu- 
factured by Chrysler Corp. /Jet Industries Inc., was tested on October 23, 
1981 at a speed of 30.52 mph . The 1981 Electrica 007 appears to meet the 
requirements of FMVSS 212, 219, and 301-75. 



17. Key Words 
Load-Measuring Fixed Barrier, Wind- 
shield Retention, Windshield In- 
trusion, Occupant Response, Electric 
Vehicle, Fuel System Integrity 



18. Distribution Statement 

Copies available to the public through 
the National Technical Information 
Service, Springfield, Virginia 22161 



19. Security Classif. 
(of this report) 

Unclassified 



20. Security Classif 
{of this page) 

Unclassified 



21 



No. Pages 

89 



22. Price 



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TABLi: OF content:; 

Page 

1.0 INTRODUCTION 1-1 

2.0 HIGHLIGHTS OF TEST RESULTS 2-1 

3.0 RESULTS 3-1 

4,0 PHOTOGRAPHIC COVERAGE 4-1 

5.0 CALCOMP PLOT PRESENTATION 5-1 



111 



1.0 INTRODUCTION 

This report presents the results of an electric vehicle to 
load-measuring fixed barrier, head-on crash test. This test was 
conducted to determine if the vehicle would comply with the wind- 
shield retention requirements of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety 
Standard (FMVSS) 212, the windshield zone intrusion requirements 
of FMVSS 219, and the fuel spillage requirements of FMVSS 301-75. 
The electric vehicle tested was the 1981 Electrica 007 manufac- 
tured by Jet Industries Inc. 

Table 1-1 contains a summary of the electric vehicle crash 
test conditions for Test No. 3126-3. 

TABLE 1-1. SUMMARY OF ELECTRIC VEHICLE CRASH TEST CONDITIONS 

Vehicle Model/ Vehicle Closing 
Test Test Dynamic Science Weight Speed 
Date Configuration Number (lb ) (mph ) 

10/23/81 Car-to-Load Cell Electrica 007 4035 30.52 
Barrier, Head-on DSI 1211 

— r ■ ■ - - — — — — — ■ — ■ — . 

The load cell barrier face is pictured in Figure 1-1. The 
barrier consists of a 9 X 4 array of 50 klb load cells each 
faced with a section of 1-3/4-inch thick plywood. Plywood sec- 
tions for Rows C and D {upper two rows) each measure ten inches 
high and nine inches wide. Plywood sections for Rows A and B 
(lower two rows) each measure nine inches high and nine inches 
wide. Overall width of the barrier is 83 inches and overall 
height is 38-3/4 inches. The lower edge of the barrier is 2-5/8 
inches above the surface of the ground. 



1-1 



tIbtDfi 




2.0 HIGHLIGHTS OF TEST RESULTS 

This section of the report highlights the results of the 
three compliance tests (FMVSS 212, 219, and 301-75) conducted on 
the electric vehicle. Paragraphs 2-1 through 2-3 contain general 
FMVSS test and performance requirements followed by summaries of 
the Electrica 007 performance. Section 3.0 presents a detailed 
summary of the structural and dummy performance results 
obtained, 

2.1 FMVSS 212 - WINDSHIELD RETENTION TESTING 

FMVSS 212 specifies the following requirements: 

"When the vehicle traveling longitudinally forward at any 
speed up to and including 30 mph impacts a fixed collision 
barrier that is perpendicular to the line of travel of the 
vehicle. .. the windshield mounting of the vehicle shall.., 
retain hot less than 75 percent of the windshield periph- 
ery. " 

(Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49, Section 571.212) 

Summary of the Electrica 007 Performance - 212 Test 

Although the windshield mounting pulled loose for 22 inches, 

the windshield was retained over 84 percent of its periphery. 

The vehicle consequently appears to meet the requirement of 

FMVSS 212. 

2.2 FMVSS 219 - WINDSHIELD ZONE INTRUSION 

FMVSS 219 requires that: 

"When the vehicle traveling longitudinally forward at... 30 
mphr impacts a fixed collision barrier that is perpendi- 
cular to the line of travel of the vehicle.. .no part of the 
vehicle outside the occupant compartment, except windshield 
molding and other components designed to be normally in con- 
tact with the windshield, shall penetrate the protected zone 
template, affixed according to (Standard 219), to depth of 



2-1 



more than one-quarter inch, and no such part of a vehicle 
shall penetrate the inner surface of that portion of the 
windshield below the protected zone.." 

(Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49, Section 571.219) 
Summary of the Electrica 007 Performance - 219 Test 

During the frontal barrier crash, there was no intrusion 
into the windshield protected zone. Therefore, the vehicle 
appears to meet the requirements of FMVSS 219. 



2,3 FMVSS 301 - FRONTAL IMPACT FOR INTEGRITY OF MOTOR VEHICLE 
FUEL SYSTEMS 



. FMVSS 301 specifies the following compliance requirements: 

"When the vehicle traveling longitudinally forward at.. .30 
mph impacts a fixed collision barrier that is perpendicular 
to the line of travel of the vehicle ... fuel spillage shall 
not exceed a total of five ounces by weight in the five- 
minute period following cessation of motion. For the sub- 
sequent 25-minute period, fuel spillage during any one- 
minute interval shall not exceed one ounce by weight." 

(Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49, Section 571.301-75) 

During the static rollover which follows barrier impact, 

the following requirements must be met: 

"When the vehicle is rotated on its longitudinal axis to 
each successive increment of 90 degrees .. .fuel spillage 
shall not exceed a total of five ounces by weight for the 
first five minutes of testing at each successive 90-degree 
increment. For the remaining testing period, at each 
increment of 90 degrees, fuel spillage during any one- 
minute interval shall not exceed one ounce by weight." 

(Code of Federal Regulations, Title 49, Section 571.301-75) 



2-2 



Summary of the El e cbrica 007 Performance - 301 Test 

The vehicle impacted the barrier at a speed of 30.52 mph. 

In the five-minute period following the barrier impact there 
was no fuel leakage. 

When the vehicle was placed in the static rollover fixture 
and rotated, there was no fuel leakage throughout the test. The 
vehicle thus appears to meet the requirements of FMVSS 301-75, 

2. A BATTERY SAFETY 

During impact the front battery box was shoved rearward into 
the top of the firewall and cowl* There was considerable battery 
electrolyte leakage. The box, however, remained intact and the 
batteries remained in place. There was no leakage into the 
passenger compartment. 

The rear battery box moved forward approximately one inch 
during impact, the bolts tearing the sheet metal floor pan. All 
batteries remained in place and there was no leakage at this time. 

The front batteries leaked all of their contents during the 
rollover test, but none of this electrolyte entered the occupant 
compartment. However, there was massive leakage from the rear 
batteries into the rear compartment when the vehicle was rotated 
to 180°, This spillage reached as far as the windshield header 
area and firewall. 



2-3 



There was intermittent, severe sparking from the front 
battery box when the vehicle was at the 180° attitude. During 
the five-to-six minutes required hold time in the 180^ position, 
two holes were burned through the metal lid of the box. The 
sparking continued intermittently when the vehicle was turned to 
the 270° position. Severe sparking occurred when the rotation 
was started toward 360^, and flames were visible from the front 
battery box. They were readily extinguished with a portable 
fire extinguisher. 



2-4 



3.0 RESULTS 

This section presents all test results without analysis 
or discussion. Included in this document are: data summary 
sheets for each Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard, sum- 
maries of the simulated occupant data including injury cri- 
teria values, tabulated pre- and post-test dimensions, and a 
summary of vehicle accelerometer locations and data. Section 4 
contains pre- and post-test dummy and vehicle photographs. 
High-speed motion pictures were also obtained and have been 
submitted to NHTSA. Section 5.0 contains Calcomp plots for 
all vehicle accelerometer data, occupant response data, seat 
belt loads, and barrier load cell data. 



3-1 



GENERAL TEST AND VEHICLE PARAMETER DATA 



PRE-IMPACT DATA 

Make/Model: Electrica 007 



Body Style: 3-Door Hatchback Model Year: 1981 

NHTSA No,: R&D DSI No, 1211 Color: White 

DATA FROM CERTIFICATION LABEL 

Vehicle Manufacturer: Chrysler Corp, /Jet Industries Tnn. 

Date of Manufacture: 9/80 ; VIN: 1P3BL24A8BD134Q85 

GVWR: 3970 lb; GAWR: Front = 1930 lb; Rear = 2150 lb 

DATA FROM "RECOMMENDED TIRE PRESSURE" LABEL 

Vehicle Capacity: FRONT REAR RECOMMENDED LOAD RANGE: 

Tire Pressure: 45 psi 45 psi TIRE SIZE: STD 

P165/75R13 

Designated Seating: 2 Front __^ Rear 4 Total 

Cargo load = N/A lb Is Spare Tire: Space Saver? No 

TOTAL = 500* lb Standard Equipment? Yes** 

Engine: Electric 

Transmission: 4-Speed, Manual, front-wheel drive 

Date Vehicle Received by Laboratory: 9/14/81 ; Odometer: 845.2 
Dealer Name & Address; Jet Industries Inc. 



Austin^ Texas 



WEIGHT (LB) OF TEST VEHICLE AS RECEIVED (WITH MAX. FLUIDS) = UDW 

Right Front = 810 lb Right Rear =1081 lb 

Left Front = 768 lb Left Rear = 1089 lb 

• TOTAL FRONT WEIGHT = 1578 lb ( 42.1 % of Total Vehicle Weight) 
TOTAL REAR WEIGHT = 2170 lb (57.9 % of Total Vehicle Weight) 
TOTAL DELV. WEIGHT = 3748 lb 
TARGET WEIGHT = UDW + Cargo Load + 328 lbs Dummies = 4076 lb 
WEIGHT OF TEST VEHICLE WITH REQUIRED DUMMIES AND lb CARGO: 
Right Front = 814 lb Right Rear = 1177 lb 

Left Front = 850 lb Left Rear = 1194 lb 

TOTAL FRONT WEIGHT = 1664 lb ( 41.2 % ot Total Vehicle Weight) 
TOTAL REAR WEIGHT = 2371 lb ( 58.8 % of Total Vehicle Weight) 
TOTAL TEST WEIGHT = 4035 lb 

Weight of ballast secured in vehicle trunk area = lb 

VEHICLE ATTITUDE: (inches) 

Delivered Attitude: RF 30.0 LF 30.0 RR 30.0 LR 30.0 
Test Attitude: RF 29.5 LF 29. 5 rr 29.3 lr 29.5 

REMARKS: Dodge Omni modified by J et Industries, InCr 11/80. 

*Difference between published curb weight and GVWR. 
**Located in rear seat footwell. 

3-2 



GENERAL TEST AND VEHICLE PARAMETER DATA (CONT) 
POST-IMPACT DATA 



Type 


of 


Test: 


Frontal 


(0° 


) Impact 












Date 


of 


Test: 


10/23/81 


1 


Time: 1343 


Temperature 




82 °F 


Requ] 


Lred Impact Velocity Range: 


30,0 


to 


31 


.0 




mph 


Impact Veloci 


ty: Primary = 


30 


.52 mph Secondary 




30, 


50 


_ mph 



Distance from the vehicle's front bumper to barrier face entering 
the vehicle velocity measurement device is 5,0 feet and distance 
exiting the vehicle velocity measurement device is 1.0 foot. 



172.0 

142.9 

29.1 



VEHICLE REBOUND AND CRUSH (in.) 

Vehicle Length: Pre-test = R 170. 4 

Post-test = R 144.0 

Crush = R 26.4 
Distance from front of test vehicle to point of impact: 

R 18.5 ^ 18.5 L 
VISIBLE DUMMY CONTACT POINTS 



Head 



170.1 



141,6 



28.5 



17.0 



Chest 

Abdomen 
. Left Knee 
Right Knee 

DOOR OPENING 





Driver 




Steering wheel 


rim 


Upper 


edge of dash 


Steering wheel 


hub 


and rim 


Steering wheel 


rim 


Lower 


dash 




Lower 


dash 




Front 



Passenger 




Top of dash 




None 




None 


Lower dash 


Lower dash 




Rear 



Left 



Right 



Left 



Tools 



SEAT MOVEMENT 

Seatback Failure 

Seat Shift (in, ) 

GLAZING DAMAGE 

Backlight/Windshie 

OTHER NOTABLE IMPACT 
belt guide broke off 



Required 

None 

None 



Tools 


Required 


None 


1" forward 



Right 



N/A 



N/A 



Seat removed before 
test 



Id Windshield shattered over 100% of surface. 

Severe folding in lower three inches. 

EFFECTS: Steering wheel rim bent. Driver seat 
Front floor pan buckled. Both seats in- 



clined downward toward front approximately 10** after test. The 
firewall and cowl area were pushed rearward. The left front 



3-3 



OTHER NOTABLE IMPACT EFFECTS (Continued): 

quarter panel was pushed rearward over the door; the right 
front quarter panel was pushed under the door. The left sill 
buckled downward. Both doors were pushed rearward over the 
latch posts. The sheet metal buckled between the latch post 
and rear wheel on both sides. Both front wheels were pinned 
in crushed sheet metal. 



3-4 



SUMMARY OF FMVSS 212 DATA 
PRE-IMPACT DATA 



Make/Model; Electrica 007 



Body Style: 3-Door Hatchback Model Year: 1981 

NHTSA No. R&D DSI No > 1211 ~ Color: White 



DATA FROM CERTIFICATION LABEL 

Vehicle Manufacturer: Chrysler Corp/Jet IndustrJ pR. inn. 

Date of Manufacture: 9/80 ; VIN 1P3BL24A8BD134085 

GVWR: 3970 lb; GAWR: Front = 1930 lb; Rear 2150 lb 

POST-IMPACT DATA 

Type of Test: Frontal (O"") Impact 

Date of Test: 10/23/81 Time: 1343 Temperature 82 ^F 

Required Impact Velocity Range: 30,0 to 31.0 ^P^ 

Impact Velocity: Primary = 30,52 mph Secondary = 30,50 mph 

Test weight: 4035 lb Static crush: 29.1 in. 

Rebound distance: 18 . 5 in. 

DETAILS OF WINDSHIELD MOUNTING: Windshield is bonded around entir e 
periphe ry with one-inch wide mastic. The periphery is overlaid 
by one-inch wide metal trim. No retainer clips are visible. 



WINDSHIELD PERIPHERY 
Pre- test Post- test 



RIGHT SIDE 


59.4 


47.4 


LEFT SIDE 


69.4 


69.4 


***TOTAL*** 


138.8 


116.8 



The standard requires that POST-TEST be a minimum of 75 percent of 
the PRE-TEST total periphery measurement for vehicles not equipped 
with occupant passive restraints and 50 percent for each side of 
the windshield for vehicles which are equipped with occupant pas- 
sive restraints. 



3-5 



SUMMARY OF FMVSS 212 DATA (CONTD) 



AREA OF RETENTION FAILURE: Lower 12 inches of left side, left 



lower corner, and 10 inches of bottom at extreme left side 



Severe folding in lower three inches for entire length 




12" 

RETENTION 

LOSS 



FRONT VIEW 



10" RETENTION 
LOSS 



3-6 



SUMMARY OF FMV.SS 219 DATA 



PRE-IMPACT DATA 

Make/Mode 1 : Electrica 007 

Body Style; 3-Door Hatchback 
NHTSA No* R&D DSI No. 



1211 



Model 
Color: 



year: 1981 



White 



DATA FROM CERTIFICATION LABEL 

Vehicle Manufacturer: Chrysler Corp. /Jet Industries Inc. 
Date of Manufacture: 9/80 VIN 1P3BL2 4A8BD134035 
GVWR: 3970 lb; GAWR: Front = 1930 



lb; 



Rear 2150 



lb 



POST-IMPACT DATA 

Type of Test: Frontal 
Date of Test: 10/23/81 



(0°) Impact 
Time: 1343 



Required Impact Velocity Range 

Impact Velocity: Primary = 30. 52 mph 

Test weight: 4035 lb 



30.0 



Temperature 
to 31 



82 



Secondary = 30 
Static crush: 29.1 



50 



mph 
mph 
in. 



Rebound distance: 



18.5 



in. 




12.0" 



FRONT VIEW OF WINDSHIELD 



The area that the "Protected Zone" template was penetrated 
more than 0.25 inch by a vehicle component other than one 
which is normally in contact with the windshield. 

Coordinates 



N/A 



N/A 



3-7 



SUMMARY OF FMVSS 219 DATA (CONTD) 

B. The area beneath the "Protected Zone" that the inner surface 
of the windshield was penetrated by a vehicle component* 

Coordinates 
X Y 

N/A N/A 



3-8 



PRE-IMPACT DATA 

Make/Model: Electrica 007 



Bcx3y Style: S-Door H atchback 
NHTSA No.: 



R&D 



DSI No. 



1211 



Model Year: 1981 
Color: 



White 



DATA FROM CERTIFICATION LABEL 

Vehicle Manufacturer: Chrysler Corp. /Jet Industries Inc. 



9/80 



VIN: 1P3BL24A8BD13 4085 



Date of Manufacture: 

GVWR: 3970 lb; GAWR: Front = 1930 lb; Rear = 2150 lb 



POST- IMPACT DATA 

Type of Test: Frontal 



_ ( 0°) Impact 

Time: 1343 Temperature 82 **F 

mph 



30.0 



to 



31.0 



Date of Test: 10/23/81 

Required Impact Velocity Range ^ 

Impact Velocity: Primary = 30 . 52 mph Secondary = 30 . 50 mph 
Test Weight 4035 lb Static Crush 29.1 in. Rebound 18.5 in. 



FUEL SYSTEM DATA 

Test fluid: Red Stoddard Solvent 
Temperature: 



Specific Gravity: 0. 764 



70 



Kinematic Viscosity: 0>99 centistokes Test Volume: 1,6 U.S. gal 

Test vehicle fuel tank filled to 93% of "usable" plus "unusable" 
capacity with Stoddard Solvent and with electric fuel pump operat- 
ing (if it will operate without engine operation) until start of 
static roll. 

Details of fuel system: The 2.5-gallon rectangular metal fuel tank is 
bolted under the center floor pan in front of the rear axle. Filler 



cap is 


located in 


right rear 


quarte: 


r panel just aft 


of 


the 


ax 


le 


center 


line- 


Metal 


fill 


pipe runs 


through 


wheel 


well and 


undG 


r car 


to 


right 


side of fuel 


tank 


Fuel line exits 


front 


of tank a 


nd runs 


up 


snter 


tunnel 


to engine compartment 


f irewa 


11 and 


heater. 













FUEL SPILLAGE MEASUREMENT 




1. From impact until vehi- 
cle motion ceases. . . 

2. For 5-minute period 
after vehicle motion 
ceases 



{t^+5) + 25 



3. For next 25 minutes. 



ACTUAL 


MAXIMUM 
ALLOWABLE 





1 OZ 





5 OZ 





1 oz/1 min 



SOLVENT SPILLAGE DETAILS 



None 



3-9 



FMVSS 301-7 3 STATIC ROLLOVER DATA SHEET 



TEST PHASE 



to 90 VEHICLE : Electrica 



007 




Fuel Filler 
Cap Location 




NOTE; If side fill, 
rotate so that filler 
cap is down. 



DETERMINATION OF SOLVENT COLLECTION TIME PERIOD: 

Rollover Fixture 90° Rotation Time - . - 1 r ain/ 
(Spec. Range = 1 to 3 minute) 

FMVSS 301 Position Hold Time = 5 min. 

Total 



7 



34 sec + 



26 sec == 



mm, 



sec 



FMVSS 3 01 REQUIREMENTS AND ACTUAL TEST RESULTS: 



Time 
Period 



First 5 rain 
(from onset) 



6th min 



7th min 



8th min 
(if req'd) 



Maximum 
Spillage 
Allowed 
(oz) 


5 


1 


1 • 


1 


Actual 

Spillage 

Recorded 















NOTE: Spillage is recorded in whole minute intervals only 
as determined above. 

SOLVENT SPILLAGE LOCATION(S): None. Electrolyte leakage 
from front battery compartment, but none into passenger 
compartment. 



3-10 



FMVSS 301-75 STATIC ROLLOVER DATA SHEET 



TEST PHASE: 90 to 180 VEHICLE : Electrica 007 





DETERMINATION OF SOLVENT COLLECTION TIME PERIOD: 

Rollover Fixture 90° Rotation Time . . = l m in, 
(Spec- Range = 1 to 3 minute) 



FMVSS 301 Position Hold Time 
Total 



rain 



mm. 



38 sec + 



22 



sec = 
sec 



FMVSS 301 REQUIREMENTS AND ACTUAL TEST RESULTS: 



Time 
Period 



First 5 rain 
(from onset) 



6th min 



7th min 



8 th min 
(if req'd). 



Maximum 

Spillage 

Allowed 

(02) 


5 


1 


1 


1 


Actual 

Spillage 

Recorded 















NOTE: Spillage is recorded in whole minute intervals only 
as determined above. 

SOLVENT SPILLAGE LOCATION (S): None. Massive electrolyte 
leakage from front battery compartment, did not spill into 
passenger compartment. Massive leakage from rear batteries 
into passenger compartment. 



3-11 



FMVSS 301-75 STATIC ROLLOVER DATA SHEET 



TEST PHASE: 180 to 270 VEHICLE: Electrica 007 



,m^ 




\^rrH^ 


\ 


\^ ii« ^S/ 


iP 




[y/ 




DETERMINATION OF SOLVENT COLLECTION TIME PERIOD: 

= 1 min, 36 sec + 



Rollover Fixture 90** Rotation Time . 
(Spec. Range = 1 to 3 minute) 



FMVSS 301 Position Hold Time 
Total 



5 min^ 24 sec = 



7 min, sec 



FMVSS 301 REQUIREMENTS AND ACTUAL TEST RESULTS: 



Time 
Period 



First 5 rain 
(from onset) 



6 th min 7 th min 



8th rain 
(if req'd) 



Maximum 
Spillage 
Allowed 
(oz) 


5 


1 


1 


1 


Actual 

Spillage 

Recorded 















NOTE: Spillage is recorded in whole minute intervals only 
as determined above. 

SOLVENT SPILLAGE LOCATION(S): None. Minor sustained 
electrolyte leakage from rear batteries into passenger 
compartment. 



3-12 



FMVSS 301-75 STATIC ROLLOVER DATA SHEET 



TEST PHASE: 27Q to 360 VEHICLE : Eiectrica 007 





DETERMINATION OF SOLVENT COLLECTION TIME PERIOD: 

1 min, 3 8 sec 4- 



Rollover Fixture 90° Rotation Time . . = 
(Spec. Range = 1 to 3 minute) 



FMVSS 301 Position Hold Time 
Total 



5 min, 22 sec = 

sec 



mm. 



FMVSS 301 REQUIREMENTS AND ACTUAL TEST RESULTS 



Time 
Period 



First 5 min 
(from onset) 



6th min 7th min 



8th min 
(if req'd) 



Maximum 
Spillage 
Allowed 
(oz) 


5 


1 


1 


1 


Actual 

Spillage 

Recorded 















NOTE: Spillage is recorded in whole minute intervals only 
as determined above. 

SOLVENT SPILLAGE LOCATION (S): None. 



3-13 



PART 572 DUMMY IN-VEHICL-: POSITION RECORDING SHEET 



PRE- IMPACT DATA 

Make/Model: Electrica 007 
Body Style: 
NHTSA No. 



3-Door Hatchback 



R&D 



DSI No. 1211 



Model Year; 1981 
Color: White 



DATA FROM CERTIFICATION LABEL 

Vehicle Manufacturer: Chrysler Corp./J^t Industries Inc 

Date of Manufacture: 

GVWR 



9/80 



VIN 



1P3BL24A8BD134085 



3970 



lb; 



GAWR 



Front = 1930 lb; Rear 2150 lb 



POST-IMPACT DATA 

Type of Test: Frontal 
Date of Test: 10/23/81 



( 0^) Impact 

Time: 1343 Temperature 

to 



30.0 



Required Impact Velocity Range: 

Impact Velocity: Primary = 30.52 mph Secondary = 

Seat Type: Bucket Adjuster Type: Manual 

Bucket Seat Back Type: Fixed 
Technicians: N. Johnson, M. Rodack 



31.0 



30.50 



82 «F 

mph 

mph 



DRIVER DUM^'iYi: 



A 





8 



HEAD 
TARGET 

KNEE 
JOINT 

APPROX- 
IMATE 

POINT 



22.5 


30 




35.0 


95 




20.0 


112 




MIDPOINT 



PASSENGER DUMMY # 



|a 


0|9| 



25.0 



MIDPOINT 



OVERALL 



LATERAL BAR 



ADJUSTABLE 
POINTER 




LEFT 

FRONT 

DOOR 



O 



DRIVER 
DUMMY 



PASSENGER 
DUMMY 



A 8 



RIGHT 
FRONT 
DOOR 



A 9 




HEAD 
TARGET 

KNEE 
JOINT 

" APPROX 
° IMATE 

"H" 

POINT 




DOOR 

GLASS 

HEIGHT 



3-14 



PART 572 DUMMY IN-VEHICLE POSITION RECORDING SHEET 
STRUCK VEHICLE (CONTD) 




Driver 


Passenger 


HH 12.3 


11.5 


HW 18.0 


18.5 


CD 20.5 


23.0 


CS 18.0 


N/A 


KDL-8.0 R-8 


. L-8.0 R- 


ES N/A 


N/A 


EBT N/A 


N/A 


EBB N/A 


N/A 


ERS N/A 


N/A 


Torso 

Angle 21 " 


Torso 
Angle 25*» 


Seat Back 
Angle 27 ° 


Seat Back 
Angle 250 



HH = Head to Windshield Header 

HW = Head to Windshield 

CD = Chest to Dash 

CS = Chest to Steering Wheel 

KD = Knees to Dash 

ES. = Ear to Seat Back 

EBT = Ear to Backlight Top 

EBB = Ear to Backlight Bottom 

ERS - Ear to Rear Seat Back 

HR = Head to Side Roof 

HS = Head to Side Window 

AD = Arm to Door 

HD = Hip to Door 

KK = Knee to Knee 

Torso and seat back angles 

are relative to vertical. 

REMARKS : Dummies positioned 
according to OVSC recommended 
procedure for positioning Part 
572 dummies in test vehicle. 






Driver 


Passenqer 


HR 


5.5 


6.8 


HS 


9.8 


10.3 


AD 


3.5 


5.0 


HD 


6.3 


6.5 


KK 


10.0 


10.0 


AA 


11.0 


11.0 



3-15 



— r 



FMVSS 208 DUMMY DATA SUMMARY 







Driver 


Dummy 




Passeng* 


^r Dummy 




Positive 


Negative 


Posi 


tive 


Nega 


tive 




Direction* 


Direction** 


Direction* 


Direction** 




Peak 


Time 


Peak Time 


Peak 


Time 


Peak 


Time 




(G) 


(msec) 


(G) (msec) 


(G) 


(msec) 


(G) 


(msec) 


Head Acceleration 














Longitudinal 
Lateral 


9.8 
11.1 


43 
100 


90.0 107 
61.4 119 


6.7 
50.4 


51 

113 


78.5 
7.2 


107 
140 


Vertical 
Resultant 


87,0 
127.2 


98 
98 


14.4 128 


52.4 
102,3 


107 
107 


12.0 


138 


HIC 965.8 


between 93 


and 114 


msect 670.3 


betwe 


en 105 and 117 msec 


Chest Acceleration 














Longitudinal 


7.6 


130 


56.4 73 


1.0 


149 


31.5 


116 


Lateral 
Vertical 
Resultant (Ma 
Resultant (cl 


11.2 

15.5 

X.) 57.4 

iP) . 43,3 


82 

58 
73 
71 


10.7 97 
24.5 120 


34.8 

6.9 

45.8 

40.7 


117 

89 

117 

115 


8.3 
3.8 


89 
116 


TIME > 60 G 


msec 






msec 






SEVERITY INDEX 


301.6 e 


200 msec 


198.0 @ 


200 msec 








Peak 


Time 


Peak Time 


Peak 


Time 


Peak 


Time 




(lb) 


(msec) 


(lb) (msec) 


(lb) 


(msec) 


(lb) 


(msec) 


Femur Loads 
















Left 


225.5 


58 


1372.4 86 


248.2 


46 


806.6 


81 


Right 


233.5 


58 


1775,6 85 


208.1 


61 


1019.4 


77 


Belt Loads 


Not 


Monitored 


L06Q.6 


64 


18.0 


113 


Torso 


Not 


Monitored 


839.5^ 


81 


5,1 


. 22 


Vehicle Impact Speed (mph): 30.52 


*Longitudinal 
Lateral: 
Vertical: 


: Forward 
Rightward 
Downward 




**Longitudinal: Rearward 
Lateral: Leftward 
Vertical: Upward 



tSee film analysis of dummy kinematics, page 3-17 



3-16 



DUMMY KINEMATIC SUMMARY 



DRIVER 



The steering wheel began moving rea 
50 msec after impact. Ten msec lat 
could be seen moving rearward. The 
contacted the driver dummy's chest 
still moving straight forward. The 
passed under the dummy's chin and s 
The dummy's head then flexed downwa 
which was still in contact with its 
panel was pushed into the top of th 
while it was flexed over the steeri 
steering wheel did not move upward 
downward as the left sill buckled.) 
limited by being trapped between th 
and the seat* 



rward approximately 
er the entire dash 

steering wheel 
as the dummy was 

steering wheel rim 
truck the throat, 
rd over the rim, 

throat. The dash 
e dummy's head 
ng wheel rim, (The 
- the dummy moved 

Dummy rebound was 
e steering wheel 



PASSENGER - The passenger dummy moved straight forward* The 

dash was pushed rearward as the dummy's torso began to 
flex downward and the dummy hit the top of the dash 
with its forehead. The dummy rebounded straight back 
into its seat. 



OTHER 



COMMENTS - The vehicle buckled downward near the front 

seat front crossmember, resulting in the entire front 
compartment floor pan being tipped downward toward the 
front of the vehicle. Post-test measurements showed 
that both front seats were tipped downward 10 degrees. 

The front of the driver's seat had to* be unbolted from 
the floor and the seat forced backward to remove the 
driver dummy. The steering wheel had been forced rear- 
ward more than 12 inches during the crash. 



3-17 



VEHICLE PROFILE DATA SHEET 



PRE- IMPACT DATA 



Make/Model; Electrica 007 

Body Style; 3-DQor Hatchback Model Year: 1981 



NHTSA No,: R&D DSI No. 1211 Color: white 
DATA FROM CERTIFICATION LABEL 

Vehicle Manufacturer: Chrysler Corp > /Jet Industries i nc. 

Date of Manufacture: 9/8O VIN: 1P3BL24A8BD134085 ~ 

GVWR; 3970 lb? GAWR: Front = 1930 lb; Rear = JIsO lb 

POST-IMPACT DATA 

Type of Test: Front (0°) Impact 

Date of Test: 10/23/81 Time: 1343 Temperature 82 op 

Required Impact Velocity Range: 30.0 to 31.0 mph 

impact Velocity: Primary = 30.52 mph Secondary = 30.50 ^h 

Measurements Referenced to Plane 15 Feet Forward of Rear Bumper e 



Vehicle Left (in.) Vehicle Ri ght (in.) 

Location Height ~" 

28 24 16 8_ $. 8_ J^ 24 28 

___^_^ Pre-test Profile (in,) 



Top of Front 21.3 9,9 9.5 8.9 8.4 8.1 8.4 8.8 9,4 9.6 
Bumper 

Front of 30.5 - 19.0 18.9 18.8 18.4 18.5 18.8 18.6 
Hood 



Post-test Profile (in.) 



Top of Front 18.5 38.4 39.1 39.0 38.0 37.4 37.0 36.4 36.0 36.0 
Bumper 

Front of 29.5 - 43,4 42.4 42.3 40.6 40,9 40.3 40 8 
Hood 



Post- test Static Crush (in.) 



Top of Front 2.8 28.5 29.6 30.1 29.6 29.3 28.6 27.6 26.6 26.4 
Bumper 

Front of 1.0 - 24.4 23.5 23.5 22.2 22.4 21.5 43.7 

Hood 



3-18 



PRE-/POST-TEST STATIC MKASIIREMENT DATA 






Mtkt MTv« itrtttwr 







JVVl U frwt Of k<»r 



).}» (ait^t/i.ri II*.) 



Vehicle: Electrica 007 



T» NMitlMr 




Test Date: I0/23/8L 



1« llrf, t«1iMn 



!• rir*^ll (K(fk|/uri 114*) 



JIT CI»Tt» 
Of ilM 



NHTSA No. 
D,S. No.: 



R&D 



1211 



Reference 

Dimension 



^7 



^10 
>^11 



12 



13 



Pre- test 
Measurement 

172.0 



148.5 



127.8 



111.2 



110.6 

114.2 

113.6 

66.6 

66.4 

65.9 



65.6 



114.6 
114.1 



Post-test 
Measurement 

142.9 



134.5 



114.0 



107.8 

106.3 

110.0 

110.0 

64,0 

64.3 

61^8 

62.3 

111.0 

109.5 



Change 
29.1 



14.0 



13.8 
3.4 
3.8 
4.2 
3.6 
2.6 
2.1 
4.1 
3.3 
3.6 
4.6 



14 



127.3 



117.5 



9.8 



15 



16 



126.1 
10] .2 



112.8 
88. 6 



13.3 
12.6 



17 



13.0 



13-0 



0-0 



'18 



19 



20 



21 



17.0 

170.4 

170.1 

8.5 



22.0 

144.0 

141.6 

8.5 



5.0 
26.4 
28.5 

0.0 



3-19 



VEHICLE ACCELEROMETEI? LOCATIONS AND SUMMARY 



A PILLAR fi PILLAR 



at' 



™..^;---^ 


i 




^;i5.5" 


16" 


5 


-15-0" 






Location 
No, Description 

1 Engine (Uncier- 
side) 



Component 
Direction* 
X Y Z 



Data SuTTunary 
Peak G @ msec 



/ 



/ 



63.0 
51 



106.0 
44 



26.2 
71 



19.3 
50 



2 Firewall (Above 
Steering Column) 


/ 


/ 


6.7 
92 


59.2 
46 




43-8 
47 


28.4 . 
26 


3 Firewall (At 
Vehicle |, 


/ 


/ 


74.4 
51 


124.4 
46 




32.0 

44 


38.2 
40 


4 Front Seat Front 
Crossmember 


/ 




13.8 
169 


30.8 
73 




— 


— 


5 Front Seat Rear 
Crossmember 


/ 


/ 


15.7 

50 


34.8 
90 




27.4 
12 


22.4 
26 




♦Positive: X = Forward 
Negative: X = Rearward 




Y = Rightward 

Y = Leftward 


Z = 
Z = 


= Etownward 
= Upward 





3-20 



4.0 PHOTOGRAPHIC COVERAGE 

This section consists of pre-test and post-test photographs 
of the overall vehicle, windshield, fuel system, and occupants. 



4-1 



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4-14 



5,0. CALCOMP PLOT PRESENTATION 

Calcomp plots generated from the crash test data are pre- 
sented on the following pages. All data will be recorded on 
magnetic tape for inclusion in the NHTSA crash test data base 
system. All data was filtered according to SAE J211* Plot 
legends and test anomalies are listed below: 

PLOT LEGEND 

Dummy Data* 

RF Outboard 
Ptriver Passenger Data Description 



LF Head RF Head Head Acceleration (G) 

LF Chest RF Chest Chest Acceleration (G) 

LF Femurs RF Femurs Femur Loads (lb) 

RF Belt Loads Torso and Lap Belt Loads (lb) 

Vehicle Data** 

Location 



Log 1 Engine (Underside) Acceleration (G) 
Loc 2 Firewall (Above Steering Column) Acceleration (G) 
Loc 3 Firewall (At Vehicle Centerline) Acceleration (G) 
Loc 4 Front Seat Front Crossmember (Right Side) Accelera- 
tion (G) 
Loc 5 Front Seat Rear Crossmember (Left Side) Acceleration (G) 

Barrier Data 

Columns 1-9 Force (lb) 

Sum A&B Force (lb) 

Sum C&D Force (lb) 

Total Load Force (lb) 

Total Force (Barrier) Versus Displacement (Location 5) 

*Dummy Injury Summary presented on pages 3-16 and 3-17, 
Vehicle accelerometer location and data summarized on page 3-20. 



5-1 




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